CERN Accelerating science


Latest additions:
A methodology for the analysis of the three-dimensional mechanical behavior of a Nb$_3$Sn superconducting accelerator magnet during a quench / Ferradas Troitino, J (CERN ; Geneva U.) ; Bajas, H (CERN) ; Bianchi, L (CERN) ; Castaldo, B (CERN) ; Ferracin, P (LBNL, Berkeley) ; Guinchard, M (CERN) ; Izquierdo, S (CERN) ; Lorenzo, J V (Barcelona Supercomputing Ctr.) ; Mangiarotti, F (CERN) ; Perez, J C (CERN) et al.
The fast thermal and electromagnetic transients that occur in a superconducting magnet in case of a quench have the potential of generating large mechanical stresses both in the superconducting coils and in the magnet structure. While the investigation of such quench loads should generally be conducted to ensure a safe operation of the system, its importance is greatly enlarged in the case of high-field magnets based on strain sensitive superconductors. [...]
2021 - 17 p. - Published in : Supercond. Sci. Technol. 34 (2021) 084003 Fulltext: PDF;

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Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors as Innovative Monitoring Tool for Beam Induced RF Heating on LHC Beam Pipe / Fienga, Francesco (Naples U. ; INFN, Italy ; CERN) ; Marrazzo, Vincenzo Romano (Naples U.) ; Spedding, Sara Bennett (Naples U.) ; Szillasi, Zoltan (Debrecen, Inst. Nucl. Res. ; CERN) ; Beni, Noemi (Debrecen, Inst. Nucl. Res. ; CERN) ; Irace, Andrea (Naples U.) ; Zeuner, Wolfram (CERN) ; Ball, Austin (CERN) ; Vaccaro, Vittorio Giorgio (Naples U.) ; Salvant, Benoit (CERN) et al.
The i-pipe system is a peculiar structural health monitoring system, based on Fiber Bragg Grating technology, installed on the central beam pipe of the compact Muon solenoid (CMS) experiment at CERN. In this contribution, i-pipe temperature sensors, originally conceived as thermal compensator for the strain sensors, are employed to monitor central beam pipe thermal behavior in correlation with the parameters of the particle beam travelling inside, in order to directly measure possible Beam RF induced heating effect. [...]
2021 - 6 p. - Published in : J. Lightwave Technol. 39 (2021) 4145-4150

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Numerical optimization of dc wire parameters for mitigation of the long range beam-beam interactions in High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider / Skoufaris, K (CERN ; Crete U. ; Unlisted, GR) ; Fartoukh, S (CERN) ; Papaphilippou, Y (CERN) ; Poyet, A (CERN) ; Rossi, A (CERN) ; Sterbini, G (CERN) ; Kaltchev, D (TRIUMF)
Several configurations of the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider, whose performance at collision is mainly limited due to the strong beam-beam long-range interactions, are studied in the presence of dc wire compensators. This analysis is based on analytical and numerical calculations where the main observables are the dynamic aperture (correlated to the beam lifetime) and the frequency map analysis. [...]
2021 - 16 p. - Published in : Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 24 (2021) 074001 Fulltext: PDF;

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MD2193 – Impedance Measurements of the TCSPM Prototype Collimator / Amorim, David (Universite Grenoble-Alpes (FR)) ; Antipov, Sergey ; Arsenyev, Sergey ; Azzopardi, Gabriella (CERN) ; Biancacci, Nicolo (CERN) ; Bruce, Roderik (CERN) ; Carver, Lee Robert (University of Liverpool (GB)) ; Fitterer, Miriam ; Giordano, Francesco (Universita e sezione INFN di Napoli (IT)) ; Lamas Garcia, Inigo et al.
In view of the HL–LHC project, it is planned to exchange 9 out 11 of the LHC secondary collimators in IR7, made of graphite, with low–impedance ones. [...]
- 2021. - 17 p.

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MD2191 – β∗–Reach: 2017 IR7 Collimation Hierarchy Limit and Impedance / Mereghetti, Alessio ; Amorim, David (Universite Grenoble-Alpes (FR)) ; Antipov, Sergey ; Azzopardi, Gabriella (CERN) ; Carver, Lee Robert (University of Liverpool (GB)) ; Metral, Elias (CERN) ; Redaelli, Stefano (CERN) ; Salvant, Benoit (CERN) ; Valentino, Gianluca (University of Malta (MT)) ; Valuch, Daniel (CERN)
This report summarises the results of MD2191 about the hierarchy limit of the LHC collimation system in IR7 at 6.5 TeV and its impedance. [...]
- 2021. - 19 p.

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Kalman filter-based longitudinal phase-space reconstruction method for hadron machines / Alves, Diogo (CERN) ; Lasocha, Kacper (CERN)
This work proposes a novel longitudinal phase-space reconstruction method for hadron machines. The proposed method is based on a Kalman filter and can therefore provide real-time estimates of the phase-space reconstruction. [...]
2021 - 9 p. - Published in : Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 24 (2021) 072801 Fulltext: PDF;

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Performance and luminosity models for heavy-ion operation at the CERN Large Hadron Collider / Bruce, R. (CERN) ; Jebramcik, M.A. (CERN ; DESY) ; Jowett, J.M. (CERN ; Darmstadt, GSI) ; Mertens, T. (Helmholtz-Zentrum, Berlin) ; Schaumann, M. (CERN)
A good understanding of the luminosity performance in a collider, as well as reliable tools to analyse, predict, and optimise the performance, are of great importance for the successful planning and execution of future runs. In this article, we present two different models for the evolution of the beam parameters and the luminosity in heavy-ion colliders. [...]
arXiv:2107.09560.- 2021-07-12 - 24 p. - Published in : Eur. Phys. J. Plus 136 (2021) 745 Fulltext: PDF;

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Mechanical Behavior of the Shielded HL-LHC Beam Screen during a Magnet Quench / Morrone, Marco (CERN) ; Garion, Cedric (CERN) ; Chiggiato, Paolo (CERN) ; Sacristan De Frutos, Oscar ; Guinchard, Michael (CERN) ; Fiscarelli, Lucio (CERN)
In the framework of the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project, larger and shielded beam screens will be installed in the beam pipe of the superconducting magnets of the insertion next to the ATLAS and CMS detectors. The beam screen is a complex assembly that guarantees the vacuum requirements while shielding the magnet cold mass from the induced heat loads. [...]
CERN-ACC-2021-0005.- Geneva : CERN, 2021 - 24 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 31 (2021) 9000616 Fulltext: PDF;

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Direct Digitisation for Position Measurement of Charged Particle Beams: Sampling and Quantisation Effects on Resolution / Degl'Innocenti, Irene
With the technology improvements of Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC), notable in terms of sampling rate and achievable resolution, the direct digitisation of beam pickup signals is of growing interest in the field of particle beam diagnostics for charged particle accelerators [...]
CERN-THESIS-2020-357 -

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Monte Carlo simulations of light Estimating and comparing the photon rates of different sources at the Beam Gas Curtain monitor's camera / Jens, Noah
This thesis aims at giving a rough estimation of the photon rates and with that the ratio of signal to background radiation on the Beam Gas Curtain's camera, an instrument to measure the concentricity and position of the Hollow Electron lens's electron beam relative to the LHC's proton beam, by imag [...]
CERN-THESIS-2021-082 - Luebeck : Noah JENS, 2021-07-01. - 69 p.

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Focus on:
High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) (912)
HiLumi LHC (264)