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CERN Accelerating science

EP Articles

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2021-03-18
20:11
Study of an Air Curtain in the Context of Individual Protection from Exposure to Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) Contained in Cough-Generated Fluid Particles / Sakharov, Alexandre (Manhattan College (US) ; CERN) ; Zhukov, Konstantin (Russian Academy of Sciences (RU) ; CERN)
The ongoing respiratory COVID-19 pandemic has heavily impacted the social and private lives of the majority of the global population. This infection is primarily transmitted via virus-laden fluid particles (i.e., droplets and aerosols) that are formed in the respiratory tract of infected individuals and expelled from the mouth in the course of breathing, talking, coughing, and sneezing. [...]
CERN-OPEN-2021-005.- Geneva : CERN, 2020 - 12 p. - Published in : Physics 2 (2020) 340-351 Article: PDF;

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2021-01-05
09:46
Observation of the $B_s^0 \rightarrow D^{\ast \pm} D^{\mp}$ decay / LHCb Collaboration
A search for the $B^0_s \!\rightarrow D^{*\pm} D^\mp$ decay is performed using proton-proton collision data at centre-of-mass energies of $7$, $8$ and $13\,\text{TeV}$ collected by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $9\,\text{fb}^{-1}$. The decay is observed with a high significance and its branching fraction relative to the $B^0 \!\rightarrow D^{*\pm} D^\mp$ decay is measured to be \begin{align*} \frac{\mathcal{B}(B_s^0 \rightarrow D^{\ast \pm} D^{\mp}) }{\mathcal{B}(B^0 \rightarrow D^{\ast \pm} D^{\mp}) } = 0.137 \pm 0.017 \pm 0.002 \pm 0.006 \,, \end{align*} where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic and the third is due to the uncertainty on the ratio of the $B_s^0$ and $B^0$ hadronisation fractions..
arXiv:2012.11341; LHCb-PAPER-2020-037; CERN-EP-2020-230.- 2021-03-09 - 19 p. - Published in : JHEP 2103 (2021) 099 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: 2012.11341 - PDF; LHCb-PAPER-2020-037 - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; Supplementary information: ZIP;

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2021-01-04
13:51
Measurement of CP violation in the decay $B^{+} \rightarrow K^{+} \pi^{0}$ / LHCb Collaboration
A measurement of direct CP violation in the decay $B^{+} \rightarrow K^{+} \pi^{0}$ is reported using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 $\textrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected with the LHCb experiment at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV. The CP asymmetry is measured to be $0.025 \pm 0.015 \pm 0.006 \pm 0.003$, where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to an external input, respectively. [...]
arXiv:2012.12789; LHCb-PAPER-2020-040; CERN-EP-2020-242.- 2021-03-02 - 11 p. - Published in : Phys. Rev. Lett. 126 (2021) 091802 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: 2012.12789 - PDF; LHCb-PAPER-2020-040_arXiv - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; supplementary information: ZIP;

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2020-12-10
14:24
Observation of $CP$ violation in two-body $B_{(\mathrm{s})}^{\,0}$-meson decays to charged pions and kaons / LHCb Collaboration
The time-dependent $CP$ asymmetries of $B^0\to \pi^+\pi^-$ and $B^0_\mathrm{s}\!\to K^+K^-$ decays are measured using a data sample of $pp$ collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.9 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the LHCb detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The results are \begin{eqnarray*} C_{\pi\pi} & = & -0.311 \pm 0.045 \pm 0.015, \newline S_{\pi\pi} & = & -0.706 \pm 0.042 \pm 0.013, \newline C_{KK} & = & \phantom{-}0.164 \pm 0.034 \pm 0.014, \newline S_{KK} & = & \phantom{-}0.123 \pm 0.034 \pm 0.015, \newline \cal {A}^{\Delta\Gamma}_{KK} & = & -0.83\phantom{0} \pm 0.05\phantom{0} \pm 0.09, \end{eqnarray*} where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. [...]
arXiv:2012.05319; LHCb-PAPER-2020-029; CERN-EP-2020-215; LHCB-PAPER-2020-029.- Geneva : CERN, 2021-03-08 - 43 p. - Published in : JHEP 2103 (2021) 075 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: 2012.05319 - PDF; LHCb-PAPER-2020-029 - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; External link: Previous draft version

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2020-12-10
11:44
First observation of the decay $B_s^0 \to K^-\mu^+\nu_\mu$ and measurement of $|V_{ub}|/|V_{cb}|$ / LHCb Collaboration
The first observation of the suppressed semileptonic $B_s^0 \to K^-\mu^+\nu_\mu$ decay is reported. Using a data sample recorded in $pp$ collisions in 2012 with the LHCb detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2 $\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, the branching fraction $\mathcal{B}(B_s^0 \to K^-\mu^+\nu_\mu)$} is measured to be $(1.06\pm0.05~(\mathrm{stat})\pm0.08~(\mathrm{syst}))\times 10^{-4}$, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one represents the combined systematic uncertainties. [...]
arXiv:2012.05143; LHCb-PAPER-2020-038; CERN-EP-2020-224; LHCB-PAPER-2020-038.- Geneva : CERN, 2021-02-25 - 11 p. - Published in : Phys. Rev. Lett. 126 (2021) 081804 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: LHCb-PAPER-2020-038 - PDF; 2012.05143 - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; Supplementary information: ZIP;

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2020-12-08
11:53
Amplitude analysis of the $B^+ \to D^+ D^- K^+$ decay / LHCb Collaboration
Results are reported from an amplitude analysis of the $B^+\to D^+D^-K^+$ decay. The analysis is carried out using LHCb proton-proton collision data taken at $\sqrt{s}=7,8,$ and $13$ TeV, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 9 fb$^{-1}$. [...]
arXiv:2009.00026; LHCb-PAPER-2020-025; CERN-EP-2020-159.- 2020-12-07 - 48 p. - Published in : Phys. Rev. D 102 (2020) 112003 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: main_PRD - PDF; 2009.00026 - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; Supplementary information: ZIP;

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2020-12-07
15:32
Search for long-lived particles decaying to $e^{\pm} \mu^{\mp} \nu$ / LHCb Collaboration
Long-lived particles decaying to $e^\pm \mu^\mp \nu$, with masses between 7 and 50 GeV/c$^2$ and lifetimes between 2 and 50 ps, are searched for by looking at displaced vertices containing electrons and muons of opposite charges. The search is performed using 5.4 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions collected with the LHCb detector at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV. [...]
arXiv:2012.02696; LHCb-PAPER-2020-027; CERN-EP-2020-212.- Geneva : CERN, 2021-03-26 - 16 p. - Published in : Eur. Phys. J. C 81 (2021) 261 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; Supplementary information: ZIP;

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2020-11-30
12:03
Observation of the $\varLambda^{0}_{b}\to\varLambda^{+}_{c}K^{+}K^{-}\pi^{-}$ decay / LHCb Collaboration
The $\varLambda^{0}_{b}\to\varLambda^{+}_{c}K^{+}K^{-}\pi^{-}$ decay is observed for the first time using a data sample of proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of $\sqrt{s}=7$ and 8 $\rm{TeV}$ collected by the $\mbox{LHCb}$ detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3{\rm{fb}^{-1}}$. The ratio of branching fractions between the $\varLambda^{0}_{b}\to\varLambda^{+}_{c}K^{+}K^{-}\pi^{-}$ and the $\varLambda^{0}_{b}\to\varLambda^{+}_{c}D^{-}_{s}$ decays is measured to be \begin{equation*} \frac{\mathcal{B} ( \varLambda^{0}_{b}\to\varLambda^{+}_{c}K^{+}K^{-}\pi^{-}) } {\mathcal{B} ( \varLambda^{0}_{b}\to\varLambda^{+}_{c} D^{-}_{s})} = (9.26 \pm 0.29 \pm 0.46 \pm 0.26)\times10^{-2}, \end{equation*} where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic and the third is due to the knowledge of the $D^{-}_{s}\to K^{+}K^{-}\pi^{-}$ branching fraction. [...]
arXiv:2011.13738; LHCb-PAPER-2020-028; CERN-EP-2020-209; LHCB-PAPER-2020-028; LHCB-PAPER-2020-028.- Geneva : CERN, 2021-04-10 - 20 p. - Published in : Phys. Lett. B 815 (2021) 136172 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: PAPER-LHCb-2020-028-arXiv - PDF; 2011.13738 - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP;

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2020-11-25
14:42
Measurement of the CKM angle $\gamma$ and $B_s^0-\overline{B_s^0}$ mixing frequency with $B_s^0 \to D_s^{\mp} h^{\pm} \pi^{\pm}\pi^{\mp}$ decays / LHCb Collaboration
The CKM angle $\gamma$ is measured for the first time from mixing-induced $CP$ violation between $B^0_s \rightarrow D_s^\mp K^\pm \pi^\pm \pi^\mp$ and $\bar{B}^0_s \rightarrow D_s^\pm K^\mp \pi^\mp \pi^\pm$ decays reconstructed in proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 ${\rm fb}^{-1}$ recorded with the LHCb detector. A time-dependent amplitude analysis is performed to extract the $CP$-violating weak phase $\gamma-2\beta_s$ and, subsequently, $\gamma$ by taking the $B^0_s$-$\bar{B}^0_s$ mixing phase $\beta_{s}$ as an external input. [...]
arXiv:2011.12041; LHCb-PAPER-2020-030; CERN-EP-2020-214; LHCB-PAPER-2020-030.- Geneva : CERN, 2021-03-15 - 46 p. - Published in : JHEP 2103 (2021) 137 Article from SCOAP3: PDF; Fulltext: LHCb-PAPER-2020-030_arxiv - PDF; 2011.12041 - PDF; Related data file(s): ZIP; Supplementary information: ZIP;

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2020-11-23
08:58
Stochastic cooling pickup/kicker developments for the High-precision Spectrometer Ring in the HIAF Project at IMP / Zhu, Guangyu (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Wu, Junxia (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Caspers, Fritz (CERN) ; Du, Ze (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Wei, Yuan (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Yang, Jiancheng (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Hu, Xuejing (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Zhang, Yong (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Xie, Hongming (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) ; Jing, Long (Lanzhou, Inst. Modern Phys. ; Beijing, GUCAS) et al.
Stochastic cooling of the Spectrometer Ring (SRing) at the High Intensity heavy-ion Accelerator Facility (HIAF) project in China, which is used mainly for experiments with radioactive fragment beams, is applied to speed up the cooling process of a stored ion beam. In this study, both a Faltin traveling wave structure and a novel slot-ring standing wave structure based on a ceramic vacuum chamber are discussed and evaluated for the pickup/kicker of the SRing stochastic cooling system. [...]
CERN-OPEN-2020-014.- 2021 - 12 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 68 (2020) 9-20 Fulltext from publisher: PDF;

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