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CERN Accelerating science

HL-LHC Papers

Senast inlagda poster:
2024-06-11
06:40
Transverse emittance growth due to rf noise in crab cavities: Theory, measurements, cure, and high luminosity LHC estimates / Baudrenghien, P (CERN) ; Mastoridis, T (Cal. Poly.)
The High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrade with planned operation from 2029 onward has a goal of achieving a tenfold increase in the integrated number of recorded collisions thanks to a doubling of the intensity per bunch (2.2×1011 protons) and a reduction of β* (the β value in the two high luminosity detectors, namely ATLAS and CMS) to 15 cm. Such an increase in recorded collisions would significantly expedite new discoveries and exploration. [...]
2024 - 20 p. - Published in : Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 27 (2024) 051001 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-06-07
06:37
LHC Upgrades in preparation of Run 3 / Arduini, G (CERN) ; Baglin, V (CERN) ; Bartosik, H (CERN) ; Bottura, L (CERN) ; Bracco, C (CERN) ; Bradu, B (CERN) ; Bregliozzi, G (CERN) ; Brodzinski, K (CERN) ; Bruce, R (CERN) ; Calviani, M (CERN) et al.
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Long Shutdown 2(2019–2021), following LHC Run 2, was primarily dedicated to theupgrade of the LHC Injectors but it included also a significantamount of activities aimed at consolidation of the LHC machinecomponents, removal of known limitations and initial upgrades inview of the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) to favour the intensityramp-up during Run 3 (2022–2025). An overview of the majormodifications to the accelerator and its systems is followed by asummary of the results of the superconducting magnet trainingcampaign to increase the LHC operation energy beyond the maximumvalue of 6.5 TeV reached during Run 2. [...]
2024 - 138 p. - Published in : JINST 19 (2024) P05061 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-06-07
06:37
Powering Tests Results of the First Batch of MCBXFB Magnets Produced in Industry / González, L (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Domínguez, M (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; García-Matos, J A (Madrid, CIEMAT ; Comillas Pontifical U.) ; García-Tabarés, L (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Martínez, T (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Jardim, C Martins (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Durán, Ó (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Pérez, J M (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Toral, F (Madrid, CIEMAT) ; Fiscarelli, L (CERN) et al.
MCBXF magnets are orbit nested correctors for the HL-LHC project, an upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The magnet design consists of two nested dipoles, with an aperture of 150 mm. [...]
2024 - 5 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 34 (2024) 4005505

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2024-03-26
07:03
Effect of Irradiation Temperature and Atmosphere on Aging of Epoxy Resins for Superconducting Magnets / Parragh, David Mate (CERN) ; Scheuerlein, Christian (CERN) ; Martin, Noémie (Lyon U.) ; Piccin, Roland (CERN) ; Ravotti, Federico (CERN) ; Pezzullo, Giuseppe (CERN) ; Koettig, Torsten (CERN) ; Lellinger, Dirk (Unlisted, DE)
The superconducting magnets of future particle accelerators will be exposed to high irradiation doses at cryogenic temperatures. To investigate the effect of irradiation temperature and atmosphere on the aging behavior, we have characterized the changes in thermomechanical properties of six epoxy resins for potential use in superconducting magnets after irradiation up to 20 MGy in ambient air, inert gas, and liquid helium. [...]
2024 - 15 p. - Published in : MDPI Polymers 16 (2024) 407 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-03-26
07:03
Design and Metrological Characterization of a Digitizer for the Highest Precision Magnet Powering in the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider / Beev, Nikolai (CERN ; Bratislava, Slovak Tech. U.) ; Cerqueira Bastos, Miguel (CERN) ; Martino, Michele (CERN) ; Valuch, Daniel (Bratislava, Slovak Tech. U. ; CERN) ; Palafox, Luis (Braunschweig, Phys. Tech. Bund.) ; Behr, Ralf (Braunschweig, Phys. Tech. Bund.)
A new digitizer, the HPM7177, which is a fundamental component of the signal chain for high precision measurement of particle accelerator magnet currents, is presented. It was designed to meet the unprecedented performance requirements for new 14 kA and 18 kA power converters (PCs) for the High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) project at CERN, particularly in terms of low-frequency noise and stability. [...]
2024 - 10 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 73 (2024) 6501710 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-03-26
07:03
The PreProcessor module for the ATLAS Tile calorimeter at the HL-LHC / Valero, A (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Carrió, F (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Fiorini, L (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Cervelló, A (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Hernandez, D (Valencia U., IFIC) ; Ruiz Martinez, A (Valencia U., IFIC)
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has played a crucial role in advancing our understanding of fundamental physics. With the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012, the ATLAS and CMS experiments have made significant progess in studying its properties and searching for new physics beyond the Standard Model. [...]
2023 - 13 p. - Published in : Front. Detect. Sci. Technol. 1 (2023) 1264123 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-03-23
06:31
A Combined Testing and Modelling Methodology for the Mechanics of High-Field Superconducting Magnets / Bertarelli, Alessandro (CERN) ; Guinchard, Michael (CERN) ; Holko, Michal (CERN) ; Lackner, Friedrich (CERN) ; Masci, Marco (CERN) ; de Frutos, Oscar Sacristan (CERN) ; Savary, Frédéric (CERN) ; Wolf, Felix (CERN)
The use of superconducting composite cables based on Nb3Sn, an intermetallic compound of Niobium and Tin, is one of the favorite routes to reach magnetic fields higher than 10 T in state-of-the-art accelerator magnets. The brittle and nonlinear nature of the epoxy-impregnated Nb3Sn Rutherford cable makes challenging to predict its mechanical limits and, consequently, the overall performance of the magnet. [...]
2024 - 11 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 34 (2024) 1-11 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-03-20
06:33
Towards MQXFB Series Coils / Lusa, Nicholas (CERN) ; Devred, Arnaud (CERN) ; Ferradas Troitino, José (CERN) ; Izquierdo Bermudez, Susana (CERN) ; Milanese, Attilio (CERN) ; Quassolo, Penelope Matilde (CERN) ; Straarup, Simon (CERN) ; Todesco, Ezio (CERN)
The cold powering test of the first two MQXFB prototype quadrupoles, the Nb$_3$Sn inner triplet magnets to be installed in the HL-LHC, has found performance limitations. This prompted putting on hold the coil fabrication, to review in depth the full manufacturing process, while in parallel performing destructive inspections on selected coils. [...]
2024 - 8 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 34 (2024) 4003408

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2024-03-20
06:33
Proof-of-Principle of an Energy-Efficient, Iron-Dominated Electromagnet for Physics Experiments / Devred, A (CERN) ; Ballarino, A (CERN) ; Bourcey, N (CERN) ; Mangiarotti, F (CERN) ; Milanese, A (CERN) ; Petrone, C (CERN)
A number of physics experiments call for the use of iron-dominated, normal-conducting electromagnets to produce moderate fields (2 T range) in a large gap or over a large volume. Although robust and reliable, these magnets require significant electrical power, in the MW range, and can thus be costly to operate, especially in DC mode. [...]
2024 - 7 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 34 (2024) 4902007 Fulltext: PDF;

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2024-03-20
06:33
Design of a Radiation Tolerant Power Supply for the Upgrade of LHC Quench Detection System / Pridii, T (CERN) ; Denz, R (CERN) ; Hollos, A E (CERN) ; Garcia, Guzman Martin (CERN) ; Podzorny, T (CERN) ; Spasic, J (CERN) ; Steckert, J (CERN)
The Individually Powered Dipole (IPD) and Individually Powered Quadrupole (IPQ) magnets of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN are protected by a dedicated Quench Detection System (QDS). Within the scope of the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrade, the radiation level in the designated installation area will increase up to 25 Gy per year exceeding the radiation tolerance level of the existing system. [...]
2024 - 5 p. - Published in : IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 34 (2024) 5000105

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