CERN Accelerating science

CERN Published Articles

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2022-10-01
04:47
Cosmology and dark matter / Rubakov, V.A. (Moscow, INR ; Moscow State U.)
Cosmology and astroparticle physics give strongest possible evidence for the incompleteness of the Standard Model of particle physics. Leaving aside misterious dark energy, which may or may not be just the cosmological constant, two properties of the Universe cannot be explained by the Standard Model: dark matter and matter-antimatter asymmtery. [...]
arXiv:1912.04727; INR-TH-2019-022.- 2022-09-05 - 76 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc.: 5 (2022) , pp. 129
Fulltext: 1912.04727 - PDF; document - PDF;
In : 2019 European School of High-Energy Physics, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 4 - 17 Sep 2019, pp.129

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2022-10-01
04:46
Flavor physics and CP violation / Vysotsky, M.I. (Moscow, ITEP)
Lectures at the 53rd Winter School of Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute and European School on High Energy Physics ESHEP2019, Saint-Petersburg, Russia..
arXiv:1912.08717.- 2022-09-05 - 37 p. - Published in : CERN Yellow Rep. School Proc. 5 (2022) 47 Fulltext: document - PDF; 1912.08717 - PDF;
In : 2019 European School of High-Energy Physics, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 4 - 17 Sep 2019, pp.47

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2022-09-29
06:02
Simulating the LHCb hadron calorimeter with generative adversarial networks / Lancierini, D (U. Zurich (main)) ; Owen, P (U. Zurich (main)) ; Serra, N (U. Zurich (main))
Generative adversarial networks are known as a tool for fast simulation of data. Our aim is to research and develop a physical application of these tools by simulating LHCb hadron calorimeter (HCAL) in order to speed up the Monte Carlo datasets production..
2019 - 4 p. - Published in : Nuovo Cimento C 42 (2019) 197 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 17th Incontri di Fisica delle Alte Energie, Milan, Italy, 04 - 06 Apr 2018, pp.197

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2022-09-29
06:02
EMC versus Safety in Physics Research / Szoncso, Friedrich (CERN) ; Valuch, Daniel (CERN)
Physics research puts considerable hazards into the hands of researchers. Existing technologies are being pushed beyond technical limits, new technologies found and explored. [...]
2019 - 5 p. - Published in : 10.1109/EMCEurope.2019.8872040
In : 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC EUROPE 2019), Barcelona, Spain, 2 - 6 Sep 2019, pp.807-811

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2022-09-29
06:02
Non-Invasive Beam Monitoring Using LHCb VELO With 40 MeV Protons / Schnuerer, Roland (Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. ; U. Liverpool (main)) ; Price, Tony (Birmingham U.) ; Szumlak, Tomasz (AGH-UST, Cracow) ; Welsch, Carsten (U. Liverpool (main) ; Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech.) ; Yap, Jacinta (U. Liverpool (main) ; Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech.) ; Zhang, Hao (Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. ; U. Liverpool (main))
In proton beam therapy, knowledge of the detailed beam properties is essential to ensure effective dose delivery to the patient. In clinical practice, currently used interceptive ionisation chambers require daily calibration and suffer from slow response time. [...]
2019 - 4 p. - Published in : 10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2019-THPMP043 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 19 - 24 May 2019, pp.THPMP043

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2022-09-29
06:02
COMPASS results on weighted Sivers asymmetry in SIDIS / Martin, Anna (Trieste U. ; INFN, Trieste) /COMPASS Collaboration
The transverse momentum weighted asymmetries have been proposed since a long time to access the transverse momentum dependent parton distributions. The COMPASS Collaboration has recently measured the weighted Sivers asymmetries in deep inelastic lepton scattering off transversly polarised protons. [...]
SISSA, 2019 - 7 p. - Published in : PoS SPIN2018 (2019) 037 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 23rd International Spin Symposium, Ferrara, Italy, 10 - 14 Sep 2018, pp.037

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2022-09-29
06:02
Results from AMS-02 on the ISS after 6 years in space / Vagelli, V (Perugia U. ; INFN, Perugia) /AMS Collaboration
AMS-02 is a cosmic-ray detector which has been operating on the International Space Station since May 2011 to conduct a unique mission of fundamental research in space. More than 100 billion cosmic rays have been collected by AMS-02 after 6 years of operations, providing a detailed insight into the features of different species of cosmic rays. [...]
2019 - 4 p. - Published in : Nuovo Cimento C 42 (2019) 173 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 17th Incontri di Fisica delle Alte Energie, Milan, Italy, 04 - 06 Apr 2018, pp.173

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2022-09-29
06:02
Collectivity in small and large collision systems at the LHC with ALICE / Gajdošová, Katarína Křížková (Prague, Tech. U.) /ALICE Collaboration
Interactions of protons (pp) or of a proton with a lead nucleus (p–Pb) were not expected to form a deconfined hot and dense matter, called the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP), which is instead produced in heavy-ion collisions. However, high-multiplicity events in small collision systems exhibit signs of collectivity, which are understood as a signature of the QGP emergence in heavy-ion collisions. [...]
2019 - 7 p. - Published in : J. Phys. : Conf. Ser. 1271 (2019) 012002 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 5th Biennial Workshop on Discovery Physics at the LHC, Hazyview, South Africa, 3 - 7 Dec 2018, pp.012002

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2022-09-29
06:02
Highlights of the production of (anti-)(hyper-)nuclei and exotica with ALICE at the LHC / Dönigus, Benjamin (Frankfurt U., Inst. Kernphys.) /ALICE Collaboration
Measurements of the production of light (anti-)nuclei and (anti-)hypernuclei have been performed in different colliding systems at the LHC, namely pp, p–Pb and Pb–Pb. The results of the production in Pb–Pb collisions of light (anti-)(hyper-)nuclei follows the expectation of the thermal model, whereas the production of nuclei in pp and p–Pb collisions shows a closer agreement with the expectations from coalescence models. [...]
2019 - 12 p. - Published in : J. Phys. : Conf. Ser. 1271 (2019) 012001 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 5th Biennial Workshop on Discovery Physics at the LHC, Hazyview, South Africa, 3 - 7 Dec 2018, pp.012001

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2022-09-29
06:02
Measurements of the $^3$He and $D$ components in cosmic rays with the AMS-02 experiment / Dimiccoli, F (TIFPA-INFN, Trento) ; Basara, L (TIFPA-INFN, Trento) ; Kanishchev, K (TIFPA-INFN, Trento) ; Nozzoli, F (TIFPA-INFN, Trento) ; Zuccon, P (Trento U. ; TIFPA-INFN, Trento)
The $^3$He/$^4$He and $D/p$ flux ratios in cosmic rays (CR) are two of the most valuable tools for understanding the propagation of CR in the galaxy and constrain the models that describe it. In this work, two new preliminary measurements of $^3$He/$^4$He and $D/p$ flux ratios are presented, each obtained from the data of the AMS-02 experiment..
2019 - 3 p. - Published in : Nuovo Cimento C 42 (2019) 174 Fulltext: PDF;
In : 17th Incontri di Fisica delle Alte Energie, Milan, Italy, 04 - 06 Apr 2018, pp.174

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